Difference between Aadhaar and SSN

In Thailand, the Population Identification Code has been issued by the Department of Provincial Administration of the Ministry of Interior since 1976. It consists of a 13-digit string in the format N-NNNN-NNNNN-NN-N, which is assigned at birth or upon receiving citizenship. The first digit signifies type of citizenship, the second to fifth the office where the number was issued, the sixth to twelfth are group and sequence numbers, and the last digit acts as a check digit. In Venezuela, the Administrative Service of Identification, Migration, and Immigration (SAIME) issues an ID card for individuals in their teens (Cédula de Identidad). The ID card includes date of birth, a correlative number (population continuous number for nationals, greater than 80,000,000 for foreign-born residents), a photo, marital status, expiration date (an expired ID card is still valid for nationals), and a fingerprint. In Colombia, each person is issued a basic ID card during childhood (Tarjeta de Identidad).

  • In recent years too, the Social Security Administration has restrained from collecting biometrics of residents.
  • Individuals who are not eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) but need to file taxes in the United States can apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN).
  • Long-term pass holders (e.g. people holding work permits, employment passes or student passes) are issued a similarly formatted Foreign Identification Number (FIN) on their long-term passes, with prefix F (registered before year 2000) and G (registered in or after year 2000).
  • Social Security numbers are frequently used as a personal identifier and to obtain credit.
  • At USAIndiaCFO, we specialize in providing financial and legal services to assist Indian ventures with their US expansion.

The amended law provides women in the organized sector with paid maternity leave of 26 weeks, up from 12 weeks, for the first two children. India now has the third most maternity leave in the world, following Canada (50 weeks) and Norway (44 weeks). In India, multi-context enrollment takes place with state-level registrars. States are incentivized to enroll their people because they get to collect more information than the basic four fields (name, birthdate, gender, and address) required by the UIDAI “Know Your Resident” rules.

What is an ITIN

The process of obtaining an ITIN is difficult and cumbersome and if professional advice is not sought, also prone to multiple errors adding to the tiresome process. Most people hire a lawyer when their ITIN application has already been returned to them a couple of times and some good billable months have already been wasted. The Indian ISSN Centre at the National Science Library, NIScPR (erstwhile NISCAIR), New Delhi is one of a network of over 89 national centres worldwide. The Centre is also responsible for contributing Indian records to the world database of ISSN numbers, known as the ISSN Register, maintained by the ISSN International Centre in Paris.

For citizens first few digits apparently represent place of birth, but format is not public. On 28 January 2009, the Indian Government established an Authority called the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to issue a Unique Identification Number to all residents of India. The Aadhar letter, downloaded Aadhar letter, PVC Card, Aadhar printed on paper or plastic cards or in any other approved mode shall have an equal acceptance and validity throughout India for all purposes, including identification.

The applicant’s mailing address did not have to be the same as their place of residence, so the area number did not necessarily represent the applicant’s state of residence, regardless of whether the card was issued before or after 1973. BELIEVE card supporters presented it as necessary for immigration reform but many opposed it. “We pointed out that a biometrics ID system would be expensive, intrusive and ineffective, and requiring such an ID card would fundamentally transform the information demands the US government places on its citizens,” said Michael Froomkin, a professor of law at Miami University. Around 2011, American authorities considered introducing a new biometrics-linked identity card for work authorisation for residents. Called the Biometric Enrollment, Locally-stored Information, and Electronic Verification of Employment or BELIEVE card, it aimed capture fingerprints or scans of veins on the back of hands.

It is a number not related to anything in particular about the person (except for immigrants who get assigned numbers starting at 92,000,000). It is assigned at birth by the Registro Nacional de las Personas (National Registry for People), but parents need to sign up their children, and because of this there are some people, especially the poor, who do not have a DNI. The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 came into force on April 1, 2017, and increases some of the key benefits mandated under the previous Maternity Benefit Act of 1961.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) offers alternatives to SSNs in some places where providing untrusted parties with identification numbers is essential. In 2004 Congress passed The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act; parts of which mandated that the Social Security Administration redesign the SSN card to prevent forgery. From April 2006 through August 2007, the SSA and Government Printing Office (GPO) employees were assigned to redesign the Social Security number card to the specifications of the Interagency Task Force created by the commissioner of Social Security in consultation with the secretary of Homeland Security.

Since 1986, National Institute of Science Communication and Policy Research (erstwhile NISCAIR/INSDOC) has been designated as the National Centre for assigning ISSNs to serial publications published in India. The ISSN assigned periodicals are registered in the international database in Paris. But in 1977, the Carter administration clarified that while it may used to be verify whether an individual had the legal permit to work, the Social Security Number could not serve as an identification document. With no legal restrictions on use of the Social Security Number by private companies, several businesses such as credit bureaus started asking individuals for their Social Security Number and storing it. The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) is a non-profit organisation that undertakes interdisciplinary research on internet and digital technologies from policy and academic perspectives. The research at CIS seeks to understand the reconfiguration of social processes and structures through the internet and digital media technologies, and vice versa.

Social Security number

Before 1973, cards were issued in local Social Security offices around the country, and the area number represented the office that issued the card. This did not have to be in the area where the applicant lived, because one could apply for a card in any Social Security office. Beginning in 1973, when the SSA began assigning SSNs and issuing cards centrally from Baltimore, the area number was assigned according to the ZIP Code of the mailing address on the application for the original Social Security card.

What does SSN mean?

The Social Security Board was established in order to maintain the Social Security Act and to keep on top of recordkeeping. This led to the creation in 1936 of a unique nine-digit number assigned to each individual. Julia Kagan is a financial/consumer journalist and former senior editor, personal finance, of Investopedia.

Use required for federal tax purposes

The ID number is already allocated at the time the birth certificate is generated and required for child passport applications. This passport-size document contains only 8 pages – the first page containing the national identification number (also in barcoded format), name of bearer, district or country of birth, as well as a photograph of the bearer. The other pages are used for recording of voting participation, a page for driver’s license information (although it is no longer used since the introduction of plastic card type licenses), as well as pages for fire arms licenses (also plastic card type now).

Aadhaar’s Dirty Secret Is Out, Anyone Can Be Added as a Data Admin

Citizens and permanent residents are issued with identity number starts with prefix S (born before 2000) and T (born in or after year 2000), followed with a 7-digit number and a checksum alphabet. For citizens and permanent residents born after 1968, the first two digits of the 7-digit number indicate their birth year. The United States began issuing Social Security numbers (SSN) to a small segment of citizens in 1935. The system has evolved over the past 85 years and now numbers are issued to children at birth. Today, Social Security numbers are used by employers to verify employment eligibility and by the government to track the collection of taxes, social benefit contributions by people, and to support them receiving benefits. Most residents also have a state level driver’s license or ID card that an SSN is required in the application process.

This fund is managed by the ESI Corporation (ESIC) according to rules and regulations stipulated there in the ESI Act 1948, which oversees the provision of healthcare and cash benefits to the employees and their family. ESIC is a Statutory and an Autonomous Body under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. At the end of every quarter, employers send the government income taxes that they withhold from their employees along with the name and SSN.

Pension or Employees’ Provident Fund

The South African government has since phased out the Green Barcoded Identity Card and replaced it with the plastic Smart Identity Card. The Identity number is also used when the holder applies for a grant from the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA). After the independence of Pakistan, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan launched the Personal Identity System (PIS) program to issue national identification cards to the citizens of Pakistan and Muslim refugees settling in Pakistan. Since the 1960s, Pakistan has been issuing National Identity Card (commonly known by the acronym, NIC) numbers to its citizens. These numbers are assigned at birth when the parents complete the child’s birth registration form (B-Form), and then a National Identity Card (NIC) with the same number is issued at the age of 18.

The Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), under the Ministry of Labor and Employment, ensures superannuation pension and family pension in case of death during service. Presently, only about 35 million out of a labor force of 400 million have access to formal social security in the form of old-age income protection in India. Out of these 35 million, 26 million workers are members of the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization, which comprises private sector workers, civil servants, military personnel, and employees of State Public https://1investing.in/ Sector Undertakings (PSUs). Unlike UIDAI, when the U.S. government changes any technology at the core of its operations, it moves with a deliberate and careful approach bound by the legal and regulatory framework of the government, particularly when working with the sensitive personal information of its residents. For decades, there have been extensive on-the-record hearings by various legislative committees and presidential commissions addressing government systems for registering citizens and collecting and using data about them.

The Aadhar system is built under the assumption that national identity numbers are the equivalent of IP addresses in a digital network.538 This assumption creates significant correlation risks and the potential to amass vast datasets that can be used for commercial and government surveillance. It’s required to open financial accounts, apply for loans, apply for unemployment assistance, and get a driver’s license. They originally represented the groups of 10,000 numbers issued to a state’s post offices which were to help assign SSNs. As noted above, the Social Security number was established as part of a program developed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to help citizens of the United States following the Great Depression. For Non-Residential Indians (NRIs) who have gone to the USA for better job opportunities, there is a common piece of advice given to them that “Getting a Green Card is crucial for progress in America”. While this advice is not wrong, there is another thing that is equally crucial for non-citizens in the US, and perhaps even more important than a Green Card – obtaining an Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN).